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With a little help from EPR? Technological change and innovation in the Norwegian plastic packaging and electronics sectors

TitleWith a little help from EPR? Technological change and innovation in the Norwegian plastic packaging and electronics sectors
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsRoine K, Lee CY
Journal TitleJournal Of Industrial Ecology
Volume10
Pages217-237
Accession NumberISI:000235575000016
Keywordse-scrap, electrical and electronic equipment, EPR, Extended producer responsibility, plastic packaging, product stewardship, technological change and innovation
AbstractIn this article we discuss the interplay between extended producerresponsibility (EPR) and technological change and innovation(TCI) in Norway. We ask whether Norwegian EPRpolicy has an effect on TCI and, if so, whether it makes anydifference how the EPR policies are designed. By carrying outa comparative study between the plastic packaging (PP) sectorand electrical and electronic (EE) sector in Norway, weconclude that there is a correlation between Norwegian EPRpolicy and TCI, but the causality is rather weak. EPR has aneffect on downstream activities through increased recyclingand indirectly through institutional innovation and learning. Itdoes not, however, make a significant difference how the policiesare designed, because they are considered similar by amajority of actors contributing financially to the EPR schemes.As for technological change and innovation upstream, the roleof Norwegian EPR policies in the observed trends is not significant.Other factors such as the EPR-based Restriction onHazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive promulgated by theEuropean Union (EE sector) and the need for competitiveness(PP sector) seem far more important. In order to make collectiveEPR policies more powerful in inducing technologicalchange and innovation, decision-makers should consider morespecific measures that directly address the core businesses ofthe producers.
URL<Go to ISI>://000235575000016
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