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Transboundary shipment of second-hand Electric and Electronical Equipment/e-waste - Analysis and proposal for optimising of material flows

TitleTransboundary shipment of second-hand Electric and Electronical Equipment/e-waste - Analysis and proposal for optimising of material flows
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsSander K, Schilling S
Prepared forGerman Federal Environmental Agency
Document NumberFKZ 3708 93 300
Pages116
InstitutionOEKOPOL – Institute for Environmental Strategies
CityHamburg, Germany
AbstractThe report describes approaches, measures and regulation structures for the export of used electrical/electronic equipment and waste electrical/electronic equipment to non-EU countries. It aims at optimising the protection of the environment and resource flows. Emphasis is placed on exports via the Port of Hamburg. The export of the equipment types investigated in non-EU coun-tries took place exclusively as used equipment. Notified waste exports of such equipment are not known. The German Foreign Trade Statistics embrace a part of the actual exports. However, statistics do not differentiate between used and new goods. The total quantity of the exports extrapolated within the framework of the investigation in 2008 lay between 93,000 t and 216,000 t. The specific value of the exports (€/kg) lies significantly below the value of the exports to EU Member States. The equipment originates from a multiplicity of sources (in all >4,000 sources), in part from private end users, in part from commercial sources and partially from the waste regime. Private collection and reloading points represent one of the most important pivotal points for the export of low-value equipment. In the countries of destination, the equipment encounters recovery and disposal structures, which are not suitable to ensure the protection of human health and the environment as well as the extensive recovery of re-sources. Through this, several hundred of kilos of precious metals and rare earths are lost from the economic cycle. The elabo-rated measures for the optimisation of material flows cover short-term measures (amendment of the WEEE Directive, export controls, information of the public, obligation of manufacturers and re-marketing firms, return logistics) as well as medium-term measures (modification of the foreign trade statistics, improvement of the situation in the countries of destination).
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Sander_2010_Oekopol_EN.pdf2.45 MB
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