E-waste recycling has direct and indirect effects on human health conditions.
Direct impacts on human health may be caused by:
- Dust in indoor air generated in manual and mechanical dismantling processes (e.g. when processing plastics or CRT);
- Filter dust generated in the mechanical dismantling process;
- Noise emissions during the manual and mechanical dismantling process (conveyor belts, hammering, shredders etc.);
- Deviations from occupational safety standards;
Indirect impacts on human health may be caused by:
- Air pollution related to (HT) incineration (however the situation has been very much improved since waste gas purification systems are a common standard);
- Emissions due to transportation of materials;
- Contamination of water systems and soil near landfills.