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Palladium and gold removal and recovery from precious metal solutions and electronic scrap leachates by Desulfovibrio desulfuricans

TitlePalladium and gold removal and recovery from precious metal solutions and electronic scrap leachates by Desulfovibrio desulfuricans
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsCreamer NJ, Baxter-Plant VS, Henderson J, Potter M, Macaskie LE
Journal TitleBiotechnology Letters
Volume28
Pages1475-1484
ISBN Number0141-5492
Accession NumberISI:000240361600010
AbstractBiomass of Desulfovibrio desulfuricans was used to recover Au(III) as Au(0) from test solutions and from waste electronic scrap leachate. Au(0) was precipitated extracellularly by a different mechanism from the biodeposition of Pd(0). The presence of Cu2+ (similar to 2000 mg/l) in the leachate inhibited the hydrogenase-mediated removal of Pd(II) but pre-palladisation of the cells in the absence of added Cu2+ facilitated removal of Pd(II) from the leachate and more than 95% of the Pd(II) was removed autocatalytically from a test solution supplemented with Cu(II) and Pd(II). Metal recovery was demonstrated in a gas-lift electrobioreactor with electrochemically generated hydrogen, followed by precipitation of recovered metal under gravity. A 3-stage bioseparation process for the recovery of Au(III), Pd(II) and Cu(II) is proposed.
URL<Go to ISI>://000240361600010
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