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Material flows of end-of-life home appliances in Japan

TitleMaterial flows of end-of-life home appliances in Japan
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsMurakami S, Terazono A, Abe N, Moriguchi Y, Miyakawa H
Journal TitleJournal of Material Cycles & Waste Management
KeywordsE-wastes, EOL, Home appliances, Material flow analysis, recycling, Transboundary movements
AbstractIn Japan, the Law for the Recycling of SpecifiedKinds of Home Appliances came into effect in April 2001.This law aims to introduce appropriate waste treatmentand promote the efficient use of resources so that we canachieve a sound material-cycle society. The law introducesa new framework for recycling that places obligations principallyon the manufacturers and retailers of home appliances.Material flow analysis of this new framework isessential for evaluation of the system and for finding anyproblems that may exist.We therefore analyzed the materialflows in facilities that recycle electrical home appliances.The mass balances in the recycling facilities were appropriatelyestimated. Then the potential destinations were surveyedand analyzed, even though the legal framework doesnot include flows after the recycling facilities. The potentialdestination after the facilities varies and depends on boththe economy and the related regulations. Currently, considerableamounts of recovered materials are exportedand recycled. However, the sustainability of these trades isunknown.Therefore, we should keep a close eye on the situationand make sure that our recycling system is adaptableto meet any future changes.
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