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Leaching of indium from obsolete liquid crystal displays: Comparing grinding with electrical disintegration in context of LCA

TitleLeaching of indium from obsolete liquid crystal displays: Comparing grinding with electrical disintegration in context of LCA
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsDodbiba G, Nagai H, Wang LP, Okaya K, Fujita T
Journal TitleWaste Management
Volume32
Pages1937 - 1944
ISSN0956-053X
KeywordsLCA
AbstractIn order to develop an effective recycling system for obsolete Liquid Crystal Displays (LCDs), which would enable both the leaching of indium (In) and the recovery of a pure glass fraction for recycling, an effective liberation or size-reduction method would be an important pre-treatment step. Therefore, in this study, two different types of liberation methods: (1) conventional grinding, and (2) electrical disintegration have been tested and evaluated in the context of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). In other words, the above-mentioned methods were compared in order to find out the one that ensures the highest leaching capacity for indium, as well as the lowest environmental burden. One of the main findings of this study was that the electrical disintegration was the most effective liberation method, since it fully liberated the indium containing-layer, ensuring a leaching capacity of 968.5 mg-In/kg-LCD. In turn, the estimate for the environmental burden was approximately five times smaller when compared with the conventional grinding.
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0956053X12002255
DOI10.1016/j.wasman.2012.05.016
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